Silk industry has held a very important place in the lives of many nations since ancient times; Silk and spices from the Far East have played an important role in international relations for the Western world. Silk also made the Eastern culture recognized by the West.
Transporting the silk and spice of the east to the west by caravans formed trade routes from China to Europe. In the Middle Ages, trade caravans departed from the current Chinese city of Xian and arrived at Kashgar in Uzbekistan; from the plains of Afghanistan to the Caspian Sea, following the first of the two roads here; with the other, they would cross the Karakorum Mountains and reach Anatolia via Iran. They used to go to Europe from Anatolia by sea or by road through Thrace.
In this commercial movement developing from east to west, a road network that has been used since previous ages was used. These thousands of kilometers of caravan routes, which allow cultural exchange between the continents as well as the intensive transportation of silk, porcelain, paper, spices and precious stones, have been called the "Silk Road" in time.
Apart from being a trade route connecting Asia to Europe, the Silk Road carries the traces of the cultures, religions and races living in the region for 2000 years and offers an extraordinary historical and cultural wealth. After the Central Asian Turkic republics gained their independence, the regeneration of the Silk Road as both a trade route and a historical and cultural value came to the agenda, and efforts were initiated to protect and preserve the buildings that were built along this road and were not used anymore by gaining new functions.